All Car Repair Articles

All Car Repair Articles

of course car repairs are what we call a “bread and butter” job. Hence, i thought that i would show a video to demonstrate the things that our technicians have to do when repairing a car.
We often have our customers ringing us. Significantly, they ask the question, “how can i tell if my car needs repairing”. Therefore, I usually answer with the same explanation. You’ll know when the vehicle requires attention! So, when a car eventually arrives in the workshop. We treat it with extreme care and attention.

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem-What happens when your Timing Belt Breaks

Post Updated 31st Dec 2013

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem;Your Car Timing belt must be changed when recommended

When we carry out routine services we always check the changing times for timing belts, and inform the customer if the time to change will be coming up in the near future. Most of

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem;Picture showing pulleys with timing belt fittedj

our customers will take notice of us and have their timing belts changed.

The reason for the need to change the timing belt is simply that the belt is made from rubber based material similar to the materials used on a conveyor belt or indeed your fan belt. The timing belt over time will start to perish and eventually break, these Timing Belt Symptoms are easy to spot. To prevent this we at Pellon Auto Centre make a note on the customers service sheet of the time or mileage that the parts require replacing. When replacing the belt we always fit a full kit and not just the belt, this should eliminate any future problems after the replacement  has been fitted.

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem;some of the damaged parts on Fiesta

The timing belt is a very accurate and precise part of your car. It is the part that allows all of the engine to work together. When the belt breaks the whole of the inside of the engine is thrown into turmoil. Some lucky people can get away with a timing belt breaking with no damage caused, and can just get away with Timing Belt Replacement, but this is extremely rare and most motorists end up with bent valves and a cylinder head job.

Ford Fiesta timing belt broke and shattered top half of engine

Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem

cylinder head ready to be re-fitted

This week we had a phone call from a distressed customer who just thought that his car had just stopped on his way back from Manchester. When the car was towed in we found that the Ford Fiesta Timing Belt Problem,was worse than we thought the belt had actually snapped off. After inspection by our then mechanic Andy Mawdsley he discovered that the timing belt breaking had caused further damage to the engine. The valves were all bent and the cylinder head needed skimming, at a specialist engine company. We also have to supply all new gaskets (we only use Unipart gaskets) and complete timing belt kit and the whole job can be quit expensive. The moral of this story is that you must change your timing belt when recommended by your service centre. Also when you buy a car with no service history you should get the timing belt changed to be on the safe side, then you are not facing a much larger bill in the future.

For further good reading about timing belts click on the link bellow.

About Eric Roberts

Hi I would like to introduce myself. I have worked in the Garage and Cheap Car Tyre and leisure Battery business now for 40 years. I worked for a couple of national tyre companies before starting my first business. I now own a company here in the UK called Pellon Tyre and Auto-centre, and I am a keen blogger about anything to do with cars and their related products that will help my business.

Kia Clutch Failure-After examining the car needed a Duel-Mass Flywheel

Kia Clutch Failure

Kia Clutch Failure ;These days a clutch is not that simple

During any normal working week. We may get price inquiries for customers. Especially, with a Clutch Repair Estimates for their car. Some of our customers are just wanting a price from us so that they know

Kia Clutch Failure

Kia Clutch Failure;Duel mass flywheel

what to budget for.Hence, and other people are shopping around for the best price.

As a business we find it difficult to pitch the correct price. Because a Kia Clutch Failure is much different to say pricing up a tyre. The prices can vary a great deal. Between say the different qualities that garages use. We know that we could get reconditioned clutches for most car models.

But we prefer to use the best quality clutches available. Because many of the original equipment clutches are made LUK clutches . Therefore, we prefer to use them, As it happens, if we cannot get LUK then we go for original equipment clutches. We find that in the long run. We never get any come backs with the better products. Therefore, we certainly do not want to be having to do a clutch job twice.Because of a faulty product. Lifes to hard as it is.

Kia Clutch Failure

new Kia clutch installed by Andrew

Also we are finding that a lot of modern cars are now fitted with duel-mass flywheels, these were invented by LUK in coordination with BMW in Germany, because the diesel cars were very jumpy when changing gear and BMW wanted a smoother gear change.

Kia Clutch Failure

So this system of different springs on a separate flywheel that fitted between the original flywheel and the clutch plate was invented. Many of the other leading car makers have now taken this option up, but it means much higher repair bills for consumers when their Kia Clutch Failure happens, because usually the duel-mass flywheel goes as well, but we dont know until we have stripped the car down to the clutch. A case in point is a job that we have just done on a Kia. The total job timed at seven hours came to well over a thousand pounds, where an older conventional clutch would have been about £280.

This is the reason why it is difficult to give an exact figure when pricing up a clutch for a customer.

Please click on to the link bellow for more clutch information

Eric Roberts

Exhaust Systems Explained-What does your Car Exhaust System (Muffler) DO ?

 Exhaust Systems Explained

To most of our customers, the exhaust system is just something that hangs underneath their car and when it breaks it makes a loud noise and costs a lot of money to replace. Well the

Exhaust Systems Explained

Exhaust Systems Explained; A van having a new exhaust system fitted in Halifax West Yorkshire

second part is true they do now cost a lot of money to replace, especially if you include the catalytic converter in with the price.


The first thing that your exhaust does is to transfer the gases produced by your engine from the front of the car (the engine) to the rear of the car, expelling the gases into the atmosphere. In the olden days pre-emission testing days, the gases were a high pollutant, but now because of the new car technology, cars produce far less toxic gases than they used to.

The exhaust system usually comprises of three or four different parts depending on the model and engine size of the car.

They start at the front of the car with the catalytic converter, which is connected via a normal piece of pipe to one or two silencer boxes and sometimes a piece of chrome pipe to add a finish as the exhaust system leaves the underneath of your car. The catalytic converter reduces the amount of CO2 gases that leave the engine, by filtering the gases through micro porous ceramic honey comb type structures, the emissions are monitored through lambda sensors that are screwed into the cat and send messages to the on board computer that all modern cars have.

The rest of the exhaust is pretty simple in comparison to the cat. The exhaust system boxes are filled with a fibreglass type material that quietens the sound made by the engine. In the USA, these are called “mufflers” because put simply they muffle or quieten the sound as it enters the box. Exhaust systems are probably one of the few things that differ in quality, a cheap exhaust system will probably only last for about 18 months, but a much better system say one that is made by a company called “Bosal” will last up to four times, because of the superior quality of the metals used in the making of the parts.

What can go wrong with your exhaust system? 

Exhaust Systems Explained

Exhaust Systems Explained; Bosal exhausts are one of the best


Well starting at the front, a big problem is from the gasket that bolts your exhaust system to the engine. This gasket can become worn and deteriorate because of the high temperature omitted by the engine. When this happens the noise will be deafening, but they are not usually difficult to fix. The next problem is just common old rust. The complete Car Exhaust system is attacked by rust from the day that the car hits the road. Also to add to this is salt, especially here in the UK where we use in Winter in great quantities. Eventually, the rust will attack the most vulnerable parts of the exhaust and a piece will fall off. Stainless steel exhaust system is the only cure for this problem but, they cost two or three times the price of mild steel systems in the first place, so they are not always a viable alternative. For a free no obligation quote on a catalytic converter or exhaust system checks  out our web site if you have Catalytic Converter Problems.


About Eric Roberts

Hi, I would like to introduce myself. I have worked in the Garage and Winter Tyres and Lucas Car Battery  industry now for 40 years. I worked for a couple of national tyre companies before starting my first business. I now own a company here in the UK called Pellon Tyre and Auto-centre, and I am a keen blogger about anything to do with

Exhaust Systems Explained

Exhaust Systems Explained; A modern diesel exhaust system come s with a diesel particulate filter DPF

cars and their related products that will help my business.


Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out-Tyre wear-Toe in and Toe out cause irregular tyre wear

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out; settings that are crucial to your tyre wear

When having your wheels aligned. (usually after having new tyres fitted). It is important to remember. That the most critical setting is called the “Toe”. If your wheel alignment is out from the correct setting. Thus, by as little as 1/32 of an inch.As a result,  then each tyre on the axle will scrub 3 1/2 feet sideways for every mile driven on. Hence, causing your tyres to wear out prematurely. This makes Laser Wheel Alignment paramount and a money saver.

The “toe” in or out. Accordingly, determines the way that the tyres will operate.As a result,  in relationship to the centre line of the vehicle. When the toe is not straight and is pointing in or out determines the way your tyre will wear. For example, if your wheels were “toeing out” then your tyres would wear on the inside if they were “toeing in”then your tyres would wear on the outside. As the car drives along the road, a rear wheel drive car pushes the front tyres and the fact that the toe is out caused resistance in a rearward movement of the suspension arms against the bearings.


Front wheel drive cars pull the vehicle along resulting in a forward movement of the of the suspension arm against the bearings, for rear wheel drive cars a positive toe is used to correct the suspension movement, and for front wheel drive cars a negative toe is used.

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out can  alter the vehicle’s handling, increasing the toe-in will reduce oversteer and adjusting the cars Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out will reduce understeer, by doing this it will cause adverse tyre wear, although the vehicle will have better steering and handling. It is always better to adjust the settings as recommended by the car manufacturers handbook.

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out

Before you adjust the toe outside of the manufacturers” recommended specs” to give the vehicle better handling beware that the toe settings affect the tyre wear. The toe out on our wheel alignment machine is measured on the turn plates. The wheel alignment machines take the readings, and they are measured by a laser beam and reflected onto the display screen. Our wheel alignment machine will give a reading for inside and outside wheel this reading is in degrees. When the wheels are straight ahead, the readings should be at zero.

The steering wheel should be in a straight position and locked into place before the wheel alignment adjustment is made.

Toe out angles are registered by the angle of the Power Steering this allows the inside wheel to turn at a sharper angle compared to the outside wheel. Steering arms are part of the steering knuckle or the ball joints and are not adjustable. Problems with toe out are often due to a damaged steering arm and must be replaced.

An excellent website that explains Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out and associated different parts is…

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out

Wheel Alignment-Toeing Out; a wheel alignment being carried out on a Spitfire

 Eric Roberts

Vauxhall corsa suspension problems

Oldfield’s Garage no to customer supplied parts –Pellon Autocentre also has a no customer parts policy

Oldfield’s Garage no to customer supplied parts

Pellon Autocentre also has a no customer parts policy

Worn out brake discs and pads

Oldfield’s Garage no to customer supplied parts

Of course this is the policy of most small independent garages. Including my garage here in Halifax UK Pellon Autocentre. Years ago at the beginning of my garage adventure, then we did make the mistake of fitting customers own parts. Brake parts were the main things to fit. So, at the time we were inundated with local parts shops opened up by immigrants.

Importantly, these shops were selling cheap and nasty parts. Probably fakes and of course very cheap. Of course we soon learned our lesson. A few weeks later the car would surely return. Claiming all sorts of things that were not even associated with the work that we had done. You know the kind of thing that happens now! A car will come in for a wheel alignment. The day after the customer rings us saying that since we had the alignment then the clutch is slipping. What are we going to do about ?

Well this sort of thing happened all the time.

Honestly, I do believe that we were set up in the first place. These guys were out to get us! We soon cottoned on and came with with a no customers parts policy. So, at that time we were trying to build our reputation. Parts suppliers were a guarantee of quality. Also if we had a genuine problem with any parts then we new we would get the backing of our parts suppliers.

Now forty odd years later we have built a fabulous reputation and have developed a trustworthy and very busy garage. Of course trust from both our customers and also our parts suppliers. Honesty is the best policy, if we do make a mistake then we must rectify it. Enabling my staff to discriminate between the genuine problem and a customer who may be out to scam you, and they are still out there ?

Eric Roberts

Oldfield's Garage no to customer supplied parts

Oldfields Garage explains why it says no to customer supplied parts – Garagewire

Dual Mass Flywheels- a pain in the neck ? Riginally to smooth out diesel engined cars heavy clutches

Dual Mass Flywheels

watch out if your clutch is slipping you may have a dual mass flywheels gone as well?

Dual Mass Flywheels-As with most tyre and auto centres these days we multi-task and carry out all types of repair work, we are blessed to have mechanics that are capable of doing the other more

Dual Mass Flywheels

Dual Mass Flywheels-A recent DMF that we have fitted

difficult kinds of jobs.

One of the main problems we are finding at the moment is the number of cars that are having clutch problems.This is no real problem to us and we take it in our stride, but the most frightening thing that is becoming prevalent is the increasing number of cars that are requiring Dual Mass Flywheels.

What are dual mass flywheels

In the old days we had a simple clutch plate mechanism that would cost perhaps £200 to £300 to repair, from a small to a large car, now thanks to modern technology we have clutch and flywheels that are part of the same unit. The problem is that you can diagnose a faulty clutch but not a DMF Problems (dual mass flywheel). This seems to affect all makes of vehicles we have fitted them on VWs and Toyota’s this week alone, also on Mercedes.

The idea came out to accommodate the modern demands of the lightweight diesel engines, modern motorists demand their diesel engine runs just as smooth as a petrol engine, also giving better fuel consumption. The DMF acts like a damper between the engine and the gearbox to give a smoother ride when changing gears on a manual transmission system.

Basically, there are two types of DMF. One is made up of a primary and secondary flywheel containing springs and cushions. There is a ring between the outer and the inner flywheel that allows them to slip, this is to stop any damage to the transmission when any torque loads exceed the pressure of the vehicles rating of the transmission.

Dual Mass Flywheels

Of course, the ring is the weak spot and can wear out when too much continual engine loads are applied. We find that this could be the reason that problems seem to occur mostly in people carriers.

Of course, the second type has planetary gearing. Specially made for vehicles with low-revving engines. Hence, that give out stronger vibrations when doing low revs. This type should give much smoother gear changes on diesel engines, similar to the same performance as a petrol engine, also giving a better fuel consumption.

I hope that this is informative and that you don’t need one replacing, but if you do look forward to a big garage bill DMF Failure.

 About Eric Roberts

Hi, I would like to introduce myself. I have worked in the Garage and tyre industry now for 40 years.




43 Suspension System-Components-Suspension

43 Suspension System-Components-Suspension and Parts explained in this Video

43 Suspension System-Components-Suspension

43 Suspension System-Components-Suspension

This is a simple but effective video. Hence to help our customers understand the parts of their car. Of course, that goes into making the car suspension up. Our main suspension problem, is shock absorbers. Of course we call them shockers for short. Shocker problems, usually come with the cars age. Of course shocker problems are also picked up in the cars annual MOT test. Of course the main problems we get is that the shockers dont work at all. Believe it or not, customers are never aware that the shocks on there car are defunct.

The oil in the shocker piston slowly dissipates or leaks. Hence this is over a number of years. A simple bounce test will show ineffective shocks up. Replacing them is usually very simple. Nuts at the top and bottom are removed and the old shocker comes out. naturally we just do the opposite to fit the new one and the jobs done. More complicated ones include the Mc pherson strut. The shocker is fitted inside the coil spring assembly. Therefore this job is more difficult. So I would leave this job to the professionals.

Basic Principles – Spring Action & Control – Solid Axle – Independent Suspension – Independent Suspension – Rear -Coil Springs – Leaf Springs – Torsion Bars -Rubber Springs -Hydraulic Shock Absorbers – Gas Pressurized Shock Absorbers-
Load-Adjustable Shock Absorbers – Manual Adjustable-Rate Shock Absorbers – Electronic Adjustable-Rate Shock Absorbers -Automatic Adjustable-Rate Shock Absorbers

Fuel Thefts Halifax UK-Thieves are drilling holes in petrol tanks to steal fuel – Pellon Tyre and Autocentre

Fuel Thefts Halifax UK

Fuel Thefts Halifax UK

Fuel Thefts Halifax UK

Firstly, I just could not believe my ears when my depot manager, Debby Bastow first told me this story ! Firstly, I did not even know that car manufacturers were fitting “plastic” fuel tanks . Secondly, I was astonished to find out that thieves were drilling the plastic tanks and stealing the cars fuel.

How low can you get! This was first brought to our attention when a lady customer could smell fuel when going to her car. Subsequently, she found that her sill was also damaged and a there was a patch of fuel from underneath the car.

Been local she was just about able to drive the car into us with the fuel left in the fuel pipes. Fortunately, for her we are able to weld the plastic tanks using a special method. So, the cost of this job is about £300 to £400 depending on the make and model of the car.

Fuel stealing becoming more common

Of course, this is not the only case that we have had to deal with. So, a gentleman customer had the same problem. After fetching the car in the guy did not want the drill hole fixing ! the other alternative is a new tank. He wanted to put this through his insurance. Afterwards he realised that he would have to pay the excess. However, it would not have been worth it. So he decided to pay for the job out of his own pocket.

Because, he had notified the insurance company then he was told that his premiums would go up the following year ! how bizarre ! The reason being, is that all though he did not claim, he had contacted them about the petrol tank. So this trigger was enough to warrant the insurance company putting up the guys insurance.

Of course this is a lesson to be learned. Do not contact your insurance company unless you think it will be worth a claim. Work out your no claims and excess before even contacting them.

Eric Roberts

Van Wheel Alignment Including Suspension    Source: Thieves are drilling holes in petrol tanks to steal fuel – Wales Online

Car Creaking noises

Car Creaking noises-Cars are capable of producing many noises including “creaking”

Car Creaking noises-Cars are capable of producing many noises including “creaking”

Car Creaking noises-Cars are capable of producing many noises including “creaking”

Creaking is one of noises, that really annoys the driver.Hence it is one of the most common “noise” problems that we are presented with here at Pellon Autocentre in Halifax, Yorkshire, UK.
Naturally, cars turn up with rattling, squeaking, banging and other sounds, that sometimes cannot be explained by our customers. The last car to come to us, with a noise problem was a VW GT TDi on a 2002 plate. Hence the car had done about 69000 miles.So the mileage was low for the year.
The car was driving the guy mad?.Because the annoying sound was heard in the car at low speeds.

Thus, even when the car was driven down his drive. The problem was that the car was making an irritating creaking sound. Accordingly,the noise sounded like it was coming from all around the car. So, sometimes from the front and sometimes from the rear, it was really getting at him.
We knew the customer well. Therefore, we decided to check the cars past history.

Thus, on our computer system. We found that the car was fitted out with some new”anti roll bar bushes” about two months ago. Also, we replaced the cars “drop links”. But this would have caused a knocking noise.
We road tested the car and indeed could hear the noise. Of course, Ryan Linton was the guy on the test run. He drove the VW slow and fast. Therefore he discovered that the creaking was worst when turning the steering wheel in either left or right hand locks.

Car Creaking noises

He drove the car in the large carpark of the local Co-op supermarket, with the window down. Naturally, he could hear the creaking quite clearly with the window down. We have seen this sort of problem before and so we suspected the front suspension could be the problem.
Ryan suspected that it could be the wishbone bushes that were dried out or perished. The wishbone bearings could also be the problem. This was found to be ok. Therefore, we decided to check that the drop link bolts were tight ?
Although they were replaced recently. So, this was found to be the problem. They were re-tightened and this solved the problem. The car drove without the creaking noise. We did the job free of charge, because we fitted the original drop links. The customer was highly delighted and drove off into the sunset.

Renault Clio Steering Wheel- Not straight- needed Wheel Alignment?

Renault Clio Steering Wheel

Van Wheel Alignment Including Suspension

Renault Clio Steering Wheel Not straight; Wheel alignment would have stopped this. 

Here at Pellon tyres, we are always getting customers cars with bad wheel alignment problems. The latest being a Renault Clio that the client presented to us for an MOT test that they had booked in “online”.The picture in this blog shows precisely the condition that the tyre was in, the tyre was down to the steel belt of the tyre construction, a very dangerous state to find your tyres in. If this customer checked his wheel alignment at regular periods, then the tyre would not have been in that state.

Drivers should always check their Wheel Alignment, whenever you buy a set of new tyres . It is also a great idea to have a wheel alignment when suspension parts will be replaced, or you knowingly hit the curb or going over things like speed bumps in the road. It may not appear so at the time, but your wheel alignment will probably be out of line and cause damage to your tyres.

Wheel alignment consists of adjusting the angles of the wheels

The first static suspension angles that need to be measured and adjusted are the caster, camber, toe, and thrust angle. Another good reason to track your is to straighten your steering back to a level position; All these problems will be solved and corrected through wheel alignment adjustment.

 Renault Clio Steering Wheel Not straight;A great look at a website for more technical motorists is available on the link below;

About Eric Roberts

Hi, I would like to introduce myself. I have worked in the Garage and tyre industry now for 40 years. My previous job was with one of the national tyre companies before starting, my first business. I now own a company here in the UK called Pellon Tyre and Auto-centre, and I am a keen blogger about anything to do with cars and their related products that will help my business.