All Car Repair Articles

All Car Repair Articles

of course car repairs are what we call a “bread and butter” job. Hence, i thought that i would show a video to demonstrate the things that our technicians have to do when repairing a car.
We often have our customers ringing us. Significantly, they ask the question, “how can i tell if my car needs repairing”. Therefore, I usually answer with the same explanation. You’ll know when the vehicle requires attention! So, when a car eventually arrives in the workshop. We treat it with extreme care and attention.

Tyre Blowout-For unlucky Hull City football fan on his way to the playoffs? Hull Won

Tyre Blowout

Tyre Blowout- Saturday morning working at Pellon Tyres here in Halifax Yorkshire, UK is always an interesting experience. We can get all sorts of people with different problems to solve on their beloved cars. Would this Saturday be no exception?

When we arrived first thing in the morning.We already had a customer waiting for our attention. The vehicle was Seat car. The driver was accompanied by an AA van.Who apparently had just towed the car in from the M62 motorway (about 5 miles from Halifax).

Because, his Seat had had a tyre blowout. Like so many of today’s cars, there was no spare wheel. The AA have told me on many occasions that many of their callouts

tyre blowout

Inside of the tyre showing tyre blowout damage.

are to stranded motorists without a spare wheel. Most of the drivers do not even know, that many car models come without a spare wheel.

Tyre Blowout

Because, many of these cars are on run-flat tyres. Some are not and only carry a tin of tyre sealant, as a temporary solution. The sealant is only good for the odd nail or screw. However, would not have been any good for the tyre blowout on this particular vehicle, which had suffered bad run-on damage to the tyre.

Consequently, as you can see in the image the tyre was way beyond any repairs and the Hull supporter had to buy a new tyre. The tyre was 215/55R16 and we fitted him with a new General mid-range tyre, made by Continental tyres.

The Hull city fan was more than happy with the price of the tyre and off he went on his journey to Derby, to watch the important playoff match. Incidentally, Hull went on to win 3-0 and the day recovered well, after the supporters bad start with his tyre experience. Finally Hull won.The Tigers were promoted to the English Premier League.

Kia Sportage Clutch problem-Customer had bought a second Sportage but the clutch was slipping?

Kia Sportage Clutch problem

Kia Sportage Clutch problem-This is the sort of thing that we have seen before? A customer of ours has bought another second car and the first decent journey has ended up with some sort of problem. In the case of this Kia Sportage, the clutch started slipping.

The worse part about it was that after being the owner for 4 weeks, the guy took the Kia on a two week trip to France. This particular model was a 2.0 CRD

Kia Sportage Clutch problem

Kia Sportage Clutch problem-Showing old worn out clutch

injection and had clocked up twenty-three thousand miles.

Everything went well until he drove down the French AutoRoute (French Motorway) on his way to the South. The Kia Sportage Clutch Problem started. He felt

Kia Sportage Clutch problem

Kia Sportage Clutch problem, showing gearbox

the cars clutch slipping on some of the very steep inclines that are common on the French motorways. They build their motorways over the top of the hills, where we cut through the hills to make the inclines less steep.

Kia Sportage Clutch problem

The clutch did not slip all the time only when the car was overloaded and also when the guy had to accelerate quickly. Otherwise, the Kia performed well. The customer finished off his holiday, without any further problems and made it back to Halifax in Yorkshire.

After a few more weeks he noticed that the gears were getting more difficult to engage. Finally, it became almost impossible to get any gears and so he brought into us at Pellon Auto Centre, to try to solve the problem.

Ryan Lynton our service manager, checked the car over and had no hesitation in declaring that the clutch needed replacing. The guy left his Kia and the clutch was replaced by Alex.

The guy had bought the car privately and so had no real comeback for any compensation. It is just a chance you take when buying a car privately.

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement-Duel Mass Flywheel replaced.

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement;One of the car problems that increase after the winter driving period, is a noticeable rise in the number of clutches that we fit. The other day was no exception. One of our first jobs that were booked in was a Nissan Navara Clutch replacement.

Clutches fall into two main categories. These are cars that are fitted with manual gearboxes and also automatic gearboxes. In the UK, the most popular type of gearbox, by far is the manual type of gearbox

Other types do exist, but they are mainly on the upmarket car models and motorsport cars.

As most of my readers probably know the clutch fits between the engine and the manual gearbox and this Nissan Navara Clutch replacement, was no different.

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement

The clutch enables the driver to change gears, in response to the car engine speed. This enables a smooth transfer of power, from the engine to the gearbox.

The clutch plate is made from a similar material to your brake shoes and eventually, wear away. Like anything else it depends on how the driver treats the clutch, as to how long it will last. The guy with the Nissan Navara could feel the clutch slipping when the truck was fully loaded. He also had problems engaging his gears on occasions.

Nissan Navara Clutch replacement

He brought it into us here at Pellon Halifax UK, for us to check it out. Sure enough, the clutch was slipping and in need of a new one fitting.

The Nissan Navara Clutch replacement, meant us removing the gearbox away from the engine. The Navara is an inline unit, which means that the engine and gearbox are lined from front to rear, driving the rear wheels.

Alex was allocated the job and he soon started to remove the holding nuts and bolts. The Navara is a big vehicle, compared to the clutches that we normally fit and Alex had to use hydraulic engine stands to take the weight of the extremely heavy gearbox when it was removed.

When we checked out the parts, the computer informed us that this model could be fitted with a Duel mass Flywheel (DMF). These were invented to take out many of the stresses and vibrations that were associated with diesel engine cars. In my opinion, some vehicles do not need it. This has become more obvious to me, when certain clutch manufacturers, make an alternative solid “Blue-Print“clutch to replace the DMF.

We contacted the customer and explained to him about the DMF and the solid clutch. He phoned back and gave us permission to fit the solid clutch. This was fitted and the gearbox built back up. The Nissan Navara Clutch replacement was complete and the customer collected his car and away he went.

Engine Overheating Problems-Can cause permanent engine damage.

Engine Overheating Problems

Engine Overheating Problems-When driving home up the M1 motorway, here in the UK, I counted four cars that were pulled into the hard shoulder and were broken down. We all see this common event, but as a garage owner I often think about what may have caused the problem in the first place?

One of the cars had white steam coming out of a lifted bonnet (hood). This looked like a typical case of an overheated engine. The guy did the correct thing and pulled over. The car engine overheating can turn out to be a costly and dangerous thing, especially for your car engine. It could come to having a new engine.

If this happens to you there are one or two tips that I can give you. First, try to pull over in a safe place and turn your engine off. You would have been warned by

Engine Overheating Problems

Engine Overheating Problems-A typical water expansion tank ina modern car.

your car’s instruments, either flashing on the dashboard or the temperature gauge hitting the roof.

The guy on the M1 , with the Engine Overheating Problems, did the right thing by lifting the bonnet to allow the engine to cool down quicker. A good tip is that if there is not a safe place to pull over, then turn the car heater to full. This acts as an extra radiator and helps cool down the engine. Even if it is a hot day, you must try to peek the engine as cool as possible.

Engine Overheating Problems

If your car is equipped with air-con, then turn the air-con OFF. The air-con produces more heat, and this is the last thing that you want.

At this stage, you would want to call for help? Another tip is NEVER to try to remove the radiator cap if your car has one when the engine is overheating. This happened to an apprentice mechanic that I worked with back in the day. The engine cooling system is under great pressure and when the lad removed the radiator cap, he was burned by steam and red hot coolant. He did recover but spent a couple of days in the local burns unit.

Most modern cars are now fitted with a plastic expansion tank. This tank is filled with a special water and coolant mix. The same applies to the expansion tank as to the radiator. You will get the same results as with a radiator cap. Some vehicles are fitted with a pressurized expansion tank. If you have one of these then there is a warning on the tank cap.

It may be that your car just needs some more water and coolant.

Engine Overheating Problems

You have access to a water supply then you could top the tank up. Therefore, if are confident enough to do this then make sure that you only use warm water, to mix the already boiling water in the engine. Finally, if you have no coolant available then it should be fine to use water only, until you can get the car to your local garage for a check over.

In my experience, the Engine Overheating Problems can occur when the car has had recent engine work carried out. Say a new head gasket or rubber hose fitted. The water system has had an air lock, and this can cause the engine to overheat. If this is the case then take the car back to your garage and ask them to bleed and check the water system, because of overheating. At Pellon, we find that it is always better to recheck the coolant levels after the car has had engine work carried out. The engine is run, keeping an eye on the temperature. We switch the engine off and recheck the levels after a good ten minutes. This will get rid of any trapped air that may cause later problems.

Although some drivers will think this article as pretty basic, many drivers will be thankful for the advice as they may have never come across such a problem. Thanks,  Eric Roberts.

 

Renault Window Control Module-Windows cause Renault owners problems-goes down but not up?

Renault Window Control Module problem at Pellon Autocentre Halifax UK

This is becoming a regular issue for some Renault, car owner. The problem starts with the windows rattling and vibrating.This usually happens when theRenault Window Control Module electric window switch is operated. The cause of the problem comes from two sources, either electrical or mechanical.
If you can hear the electric motor running and attempting to turn, then the problem is likely to be a mechanical problem.The other scenario is if you can hear just a click and nothing happens, i.e., the window going up or down, then it will be an electrical fault.We have had cases where the window, decides to operate on its own.

This is usually a short out and therefore is also an electrical problem.

Renault Window Control Module

The particular car that we have had in recently had a fault because the window just did not go up or down. When examining the problem we had to remove the door cover and check out the door. Common causes are broken plastic clips and damaged steel cables.Hence, the steel cables are often rusted with condensation and as we all know the rust eventually leads to damaged parts.In this case, the steel cable was damaged. In other cases, we have found that the problem has been water entering the six pin Renault Window Control Module. This is fitted to the electric window motor. It can also lead to communication difficulties with the cars computer system. This can be the problem with your vehicle windows going up and down on their accord. In the case of our car, it meant that

Renault Window Control Module

Renault window mechanism

The Window Control Module was replaced. As a result, this was a relatively easy job. It is very important however to clean and grease all the moving parts after the Renault Window Control Module is fitted. We tested the window. Naturally, everything was working fine before the car was returned to the customer.

Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises-for distressed lady customer with her Zara problem?

When we received a phone call from a distressed lady customer, She had a Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises? We had an idea of what it could be?

She explained a bad knocking noise is coming from the rear of the car, and she was frightened to drive it.Hence, the car was a Citroen Zara with rear knocking sounds.

Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises

Citroen Zara pointing out the position of the broken bearing

So we towed the car back to the garage at Pellon Autocentre in Halifax Yorkshire, UK.

Therefore, we knew what the Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises. Was probably going to be. Thus it would not be a cheap job. A common fault on Peugeot and Citroen vehicles is the collapse of the rear radius arm bearings, and this problem can cause the bad knocking noises that the lady customer could hear.

Sure enough, the cat arrived at the garage, and we proceeded to lift the car up on one of our lifts far a thorough rear end examination that had caused the Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises. Sure enough, the diagnoses confirmed the failure of the rear radius arm bearings, causing the cars problems.

Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises

This issue can cause severe camber lean, causing the wheels and tyres to rub on the body of the car. It can also cause a failure to the rear torsion bar, which can snap off completely?

In the past, we at Pellon Autocentre have developed several solutions to confront this collapsed bearings problem.

Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises

Citroen Zara old axle unit ready to exchange parts on a recon axle

The bearings can be changed. This involves many hours of labour and struggle.

There are companies now that specialise in refurbishing these bearings, by building and selling a rear axle complete axle. All we have to do is strip off the parts that are not affected, such as the brakes. We obviously replace any brakes that are worn out, before building them back up again.

We think that the exchange refurbished axle is the best option. If you get a Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises, then you should consider this option. The entire shaft should last out the life of the car, and all your rear brakes will be refurbished at the same time. This should give the customer peace of mind.

Our lady customer went for this option, and the job was finished in the same day.

Citroen Zara with rear knocking noises

Recon axle ready to be fitted back onto the Citroen Zara

 

Broken Engine Mounting-Mercedes A Class thought his engine was dropping out?

Last week was a busy week, one of the jobs was a broken engine mounting.

The customer came into our garage here at Pellon Autocentre in Halifax UK, with what he thought, “Was the engine dropping out”?

Mazda 3

Mercedes A Class with a broken engine mounting

He told us that the Mercedes Class A an increase in engine noise and vibration felt inside the car, as if the engine was ready to fall out?. The customer thought that the noise was even louder, when the car was stood still and idling. The guy was very distraught. He explained how the car made a noticeable thumping noise when he changed gears.

Ryan Linton had a good idea of what it could be. Consequently, the customer left the car with us for examination. Like any other part of the car the engine mountain can be prone to breaking. It is similar to a large exhaust bracket that supports the engine against vibrations. Once it breaks it sounds like the engine will fall out.

A few weeks ago we also had a Mazda 3 in to us with a broken engine mounting problem. The Mazda had a top engine mounting problem and caused the car to vibrate badly when idling. Other cars show different signs, but in general all the noises are stressful, for the car owners.

Broken Engine Mounting

The mountings are checked on the MOT test, but the rubber part of the mountings can break apart very quickly.

broken engine mounting

Broken rubber centre on this Mercedes engine mounting

Ryan checked out the Mercedes and as suspected the car had a broken engine mounting. Because we are a part of Unipart Car Care centres, all our work is guaranteed and covered by a nationwide warranty scheme. Because of this we use replacement parts that are of the same standards as the original equipment parts.

The engine mounting is the part that holds the engine to the body. Or to the engine cradle (sub-frame) of the car. This is to reduce the amount of engine vibration felt inside the car. Most engine mounts are filled with rubber as shown in the image and works. Because, there will be no direct metal-to-metal contact between the engine and the car body In most cars. Furthermore, the rest of the engine and gear box assembly are bolted together and held in place by three or four other mountings.

Ryan went ahead and removed the old mounting. When the new one arrived he fitted it and the car was as good as new. Ryan road tested the car and gave the

broken engine monting

mercedes a class new engine mounting fitted

thumbs up. When the guy picked the Mercedes up he was highly delighted with the cost, because he was convinced that he needed a new engine?

Eric Roberts

Ford Focus Misfiring-Ended up being the Washer Jets?

One of them was a Ford Focus misfiring?

We had a mixed bag of mechanical problems left with us last week. Never the less it all adds to the interest of the job, and our ability to sort the problems out.ford focus misfiring

Ford Focus misfiring

Ford focus rocker cover removed showing badly rusted core plugs due to water entering and sitting there.

One of them was a Ford Focus misfiring? The customer was very upset, thinking that her engine was about to blow up. Ryan Linton, my service manager was able to go straight to the problem. The Ford Focus misfiring is a common problem.

Ryan told the customer that it is indeed the washer jets that leak down onto the core plugs and in turn, the spark plugs. This can also affect the cars coil and causes the engine to splutter, as the water shorts out the ignition electrics (misfires).

Another problem that crops up is that the washer jet water also rots the core plugs that are sitting in the same trapped area of the engine. These also had to be replaced because they were badly rusted and could have blown out at any time?

This is an old problem! This is a known issue with the mark two Ford Focus misfiring. We had exactly the same with an older 2005 Focus model. It starts with the washer jets themselves; water leaks past them on to the cars bonnet (hood) and then travels straight down onto the engines plug area, especially onto the driver side jet.

Ford Focus Misfiring

If you own a Ford focus take a look at the washer jets you will notice they are fitted directly onto the bonnet with no rubber seal between bonnet and jet. Ford

Ford Focus misfiring

New core plugs to be fitted

knows that this is a design fault and now sell updated jets which have a rubber seal fitted. We were horrified when we first saw came across a couple of cases of this. Whenever it was raining or our customer washed her car, there it was, water going into plug well. This caused the Ford Focus misfiring!

We fitted new plugs and core plugs and updated the washer jets. The car is now running fine and the lady customer picked up the Focus and went on her way.

Failing Brakes

Camshaft Sensor-Peugeot 206 camshaft Sensor Problems and Location

Camshaft Sensor

peugeot, Camshaft Sensor

Camshaft Sensor

Lady customer called in with her Peugeot 206 1.4 with a couple of problems

So her first problem was that the car was difficult to start from cold. Consequently, the battery was turning the engine over but the engine would not fire up !

Also  when she was driving along the engine felt to be juddering. This culminated with a warning light that had come on in the dashboard.

Camshaft Sensor

Peugeot 206 with engine problems Camshaft Sensor

The engine in the Peugeot 206 1.4 is a KFU 16 valve engine. Research into this and we found out that this model of car is a little prone to these kinds of Camshaft Sensor Problems.

The customer left the car with us and we pulled the car in to the garage, for  examination.

First job was to plug the car into our Snap-On engine code reader. So we soon found that the code that came up was a KFU engine code. Which related to the camshaft sensor. The camshaft sensor is located to the rear right hand side of the engine. Of course, at the side of the air box, and is difficult to spot as you can see on one of the pictures.

Consequently. this  sensor is an important part in the evolution of the modern car engine. Thus, helping  your car run smoothly. Because it is hidden away these sensors can be difficult to find. As we soon found out in this Peugeot 206.

The Camshaft Sensor operates from magnets. Hence, collecting information about the camshaft speed of the car. So, information that it gathers is sent to the car computer. This  in turn works out the timing of the ignition. As a result calculates, the timing of the fuel required by the engine. Through the fuel injection system. The information that is sent by this sensor is vital. Hence, for the engine to work correctly.

Camshaft Sensor

Ryan pointing out the position of the faulty camshaft sensor

The Peugeot camshaft sensor in your car can become weak

Peugeot sensors in this particular model can become weak for some reason. Sending out an intermittent signal to the car computer, instead of the correct information. Thus causing the car not to run properly, as in the case of this ladies car. Ryan Linton then proceeded to change the faulty Camshaft Sensor with genuine Peugeot Parts.So,clearing the fault codes in the cars computer. Of course,this did the trick and the car was running smoothly and back to normal! a job well done.

Eric Roberts

Fuel injectors/Piston rings

Fuel injectors/Piston rings- Why they are key to DPF longevity

Fuel injectors/Piston rings

Fuel injectors/Piston rings

Fuel injectors/Piston rings

Of course this is all part of the effort to cut down on vehicle emissions. Especially cars and vans fitted with diesel engines. So, we all remember the UK government telling us all about “how safe and clean” the diesel engines of day where. Interestingly, this turned out to be a bare faced lie! In fact just the opposite turned out to be the case.

Many of our best car manufacturers were also faking the testing results for many of their car models. So, making the engines look much cleaner than they were! However the industry is now trying to clean the diesel cars image. So, as an old guy then I still by diesel engined vans. Significantly, better than their predecessors my vans are now clean and very efficient with the fuel.

The diesels have been cleaned up by using an array of technical innovations all controlled by the vehicles computer system! A vast improvement on the diesels of a few years ago ?

Eric Roberts

Eric Roberts

  So, most people do not consider the existence of their DPF,(Diesel Particulate Filter).Of course until a warning light appears on the dashboard. Often they soon become aware of the cost of cleaning or replacing that DPF. What they are

Source: Why fuel injectors and piston rings are key to DPF longevity – Garagewire