Reading Your Tyre Sizes

Reading Your Tyre Sizes-How to Read a Tyre Size & Understanding a Tyre Sidewall –

Reading Your Tyre Sizes

Reading Your Tyre Sizes

This video is brought to you by Toyo Tyres. Of course I fell out with Toyo a couple of years ago. However, I still sell Toyo tyres through a third party tyre broker. Of course, whatever business you are in you “never cut your nose to spite your face”. Understanding the letters and numbers on your tyre sidewall can be a bit confusing. Tak. one of Toyo Tyres technicians,gives you an insight. Thus about how to read a tyre size.As a result, Taks simple explanation addresses all the different specifications. hence, that are written on your vehicles tyre. Of course, the sidewall also contains a couple of key features:

  • Tak looks at Tyre Size 255/35/R18 109V
  • The “255” in the first part of the tyre size represents the section width of the tyre.
  • The “35” represents the tyres aspect ratio or height.
  • The “R” stand for Radial in tyre construction
  • The “18” stands for the wheel diameter in inches.
  • The “109” is the load index and represents the tyres maximum load capacity at maximum inflation pressure.
  • The “V” represents the speed rating which is the max allotted speed of a tyre.

For those looking to get some advance knowledge about all the information a tyre can present there is the DOT tire identification number (TIN).

An example of a TIN would be DOT CX91 XX31309

  • The “CX” represents the factory code or where the tyre was manufactured.
  • The “91” represents the size code.
  • The “XX3” represents the options code. The last four digits on the TIN represent the week and year when the tyre was made.

So for instance “1309” means the 13th week in the year 2009.

Reading Your Tyre Sizes

Another piece of information. Naturally, contained on a tyre sidewall is the maximum load capacity. The max load displays a weight at a certain PSI. But this is not the recommended tyre pressure that you should inflate your tires to. Instead follow the manufacturer recommended tire pressure setting as seen on the inside of a car’s door jam.

Hopefully this video can give you some insight on how to read a car tyre.

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TyreSafe Explains Winter Tyre safety

TyreSafe Explains Winter Tyre safety- Another video from the Tyresafe series of safety videos

TyreSafe Explains Winter Tyre safety

TyreSafe Explains Winter Tyre safety

This is the time of year when we in the tyre trade, hammer the public with winter tyre facts. Of course, I am certainly no exception. Hence, I am also convinced that road accidents increase during the long dark nights, combined with bad winter weather. Because every day we hear about road accidents closing motorways and generally giving the motorists a hard time.

I am also convinced, that we are all responsible, for looking after our cars and preparing them for the winter to come. Who knows what the winter weather will throw at us? As a result, one of the important things that we as responsible drivers ,can do is to fit winter tyres onto our cars. We have all seen the carnage and confusion that a heavy snowfall can bring.

TyreSafe Explains Winter Tyre safety

here in Halifax the first thing that happens, is gridlock. Pellon Tyres is situated on a hill. Therefore, when it snows for the first time. The traffic starts to slow down. As expected the buses are the first to slow things down. Hence, the cars following the buses, begin to skid. Every thing grinds to halt. Sometimes the snow may stop and other times it carries on through the night.

The next day we grit our teeth and get ready for the onslaught of drivers wanting to buy winter tyres. I am not complaining, but I do wish that they would give a little thought and fit winter tyres in advance of winters arrival. Wishful thinking I suppose.

Eric Roberts

This is the text that accompanies the video

Wet roads, cold temperatures, snow and ice can all contribute to potentially dangerous slip ups such as loss of grip aquaplaning and longer stopping distances. See how winter weather tyres can help keep you safe in these conditions with demonstrations from TyreSafe.org

Winter Tyres-Pellon Tyres

Winter Tyres-Pellon Tyres-Winter tyres continental TS850 snake pass Peak District in the snow

Winter Tyres-Pellon Tyres

My wife was filming this demonstration how affective winter tyres are on our golf mk4 I got 4 rims from a scrap yard. people spend thousands on four wheel drive I spent £270 all in. There was about 7 vehicles abandoned some all smashed up.

Winter Tyres-Pellon Tyres

Of course, this is a great video. Hence it was filmed here in Yorkshire. As expected, the video is a real time film, shot by a normal guy. As a result. of the success of the winter tyres, he decided to load it on Youtube.

here at Pellon Tyres in halifax,Yorkshire, UK we are beginning to see our customers arrive to fit their winter tyres. As expected, many of our customers, take advantage of our “tyre hotel” facilities. In fact, the tyre hotel has become so popular that that we have had to turn customers away.because of the lack of storage.

This is also a time when we have had three mild winters in a row, here in Halifax. Naturally, we never know from year to year what the weather is going to be like. So for this reason winter tyres are still popular in the eyes of our customers. In fact this year we are keeping a larger stock of winter tyres, than ever before. Hence, we have found that tyre manufacturers have increased their interest in making new winter tyre designs.

Winter Tyres-Pellon Tyres-Hundred of winter tyres now in stock

So, i think that this is because of the demand of the public, to fit winter tyres for safety reasons. Of course, it is not usually possible to get to work, without winter tyres on the advent of snow falling.

Therefore, gone are the days when drivers could ring into their boss and say that they were not coming into work because it was snowing badly. This is now not an excuse. Winter tyres are widely available, making driving in snow possible and safer than it has ever been.

Eric Roberts

Replacing Drum Brake Shoes

Replacing Drum Brake Shoes-Most cars are very similar to this 2001 Odyssey – EricTheCarGuy

Replacing Drum Brake Shoes

Replacing Drum Brake Shoes

How to Replace Drum Brake Shoes, 2001 Odyssey – EricTheCarGuy

HONDA ACCORD EXECUTIVE 1979 ONWARDS

The reason for showing this video. Hence, is to show our customers at Pellon Autocentre, here in Halifax UK.So what is involved in repairing their cars brake shoes. One of our loyal customers, owns a Honda Accord, 1980 model. The car is in great condition. Of course, cars can break at any given time. Thus this is what happened to Joe.

Joe, had been experiencing squeaking noises coming from the back of his car. Especially when he braked hard. Of course, the noise started off at a low pitch. But the noise became much loud with time.

Brake shoes were always known to be noisy. Fortunately, shoes are being replaced with discs and pads, even on the rear of cars. In my opinion discs and pads are much safer and efficient, than brake shoes. We got Joe to bring us the Handa in. Naturally, we put the car on a ramp and removed all the wheels, to check the condition of all the Hondas brakes.

It is no good just checking the rear brakes, we always check out all the cars brakes.

Replacing Drum Brake Shoes

Sure enough, the rear shoes were well worn and covered in brake dust. The shoes on the rear do not work as hard as the front brakes. But like anything else they do need changing in time.

This video explains about the things that we have to do to replace the brake shoes. Joe had his shoes replaced and went on his way yet another satisfied customer.
Well here it is kids another offering of my most popular subject to date, drum brake servicing. I know it’s long but I’ve put a few extras in it for you that I hope you will like and will help you with other things besides just replacing the shoes. Feel free to comment on anything I might have missed, I know I misspoke on a couple of occasions in the video, forgive me as sometimes my mouth says different things than my brain is thinking.

Apply a small amount of grease to the two 8 x 1.25 mm bolts and use these bolts to remove the stubborn Brake Drum. Two turns at a time. You may want to tap with a Rubber Hammer to help release the Brake Drum. After the Brake Drum is removed, Study the REAR Brake Anatomy.

Visit me at EricTheCarGuy.com
http://ericthecarguy.com/

 

Any injury, damage or loss that may result from improper use of these tools, equipment, or the information contained in this video is the sole responsibility of the user and not EricTheCarGuy.

How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted

How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted-This video explains what we do when replacing Discs and Pads

How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted

2-How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted

How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted. This video gives our customers a good idea, about how we fit their brake discs and pads. Thus you can also, learn how to replace your brake discs and pads onto your own car. For this video then most cars will be similar to this Ford Ranger, that the work is demonstrated on. After watching this you will be able to change your own brakes and possibly save hundreds of Pounds. We do however recommend that you have such important jobs, such as brakes. Are carried out by reputable garages.

Discs and pads are probably one of the most common brake problems. Thus, this includes, brake jobs carried out here at Pellon Autocentre in Halifax UK. The most common complaint from our customers, is a “grinding noise”. Of course, usually front the front of the car. The noise is sometimes terrifying, with customers abandoning their cars. because of this we very have to get the vehicle recovered and brought into our garage.

3-How Replacement Front-Brakes Fitted

The “grinding” is often caused by the brake pads.Consequently, these pads are so worn that they are down to the metal part of the pads.This causes the pads to grind together with the metal discs and make horrific noises. In most cases, it is a relatively simple job for us to carry out. We replace the old damaged brake parts, with brand new quality parts. Quality is important to us. Because we are members of Motor Codes. Motor Codes are now combined with trading standards. This ensures that our customers are supplied with the best service and parts. Customers have also a better complaints system. Thus this protects the consumer from faulty parts and workmanship.

If we are checking your brakes and come across any other problem with the brakes. Then we will contact the customer, with a new pricing quote. We will never carry out unauthorised work.

Eric Roberts

twitter-eric roberts@ericrob12223038

 

 

Replacing Brake Pads

Replacing Brake Pads-How we Replace Your Car’s Brake Pads here at Pellon Autocentre.

Replacing Brake Pads

Replacing Brake Pads

Replacing Brake Pads is a regular mechanical event here at Pellon Autocentre, in Halifax UK. For this reason, we always inspect the state of our customers brake pads. Especially, when we are fitting new tyres. Accordingly, we inspect the brake pads any time that we can and whenever we remove the cars wheels. This is because brake pads are extremely important. Of course, they are the part of the car that stops you when the brake pedal is applied.

Brake pads are a great invention. They are very efficient and reliable and of course stop your car. Because we are always checking our customers brake pads, then we feel that we are contributing to road safety. in fact on many occasions, we are thanked by our customers for showing them their worn out pads. It is very rare that a driver does not have the brake pads replaced.

Replacing Brake Pads in the garage

Thus, we are thanked  many times for pointing the problem out to drivers. This video is also useful to drivers that like to do their own car repairs. As the owner of the business, then i would not recommend repairing your own brake. However, many drivers are capable of this and i have no problems with drivers doing their own repairs. Brake pads are fairly easy to change.

Replace your brake pads with the Saturday Mechanic, Ben Wojdyla. Learn how to do it yourself with his step-by-step car repairs and upgrades.

Say so long to squealing, worn-out brakes. Associate auto editor Ben Wojdyla puts a VW Rabbit up on the lift at Pop Mech’s Detroit garage to show you step-by-step how to:

* Remove calipers
* Retract pistons
* Inspect and install discs and pads
* Remove excess fluid from the reservoir.

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Follow Popular Mechanics associate auto editor Ben Wojdyla as he leads viewers, step by step, through repairs and upgrades on the Saturday Mechanic show. Got car questions? Email Ben, and he may answer them on the air. Extra links:
Lang Caliper spreader: http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/how-to/products/7-handy-new-shop-tools-from-sema-2011#slide-7

 

Winter Tyre Safety Check

Winter Tyre Safety Check-For tyre advice before the approaching winter comes.

Winter Tyre Safety Check

This time of year is when the Summer holidays are coming to an end. For this reason, tyres will be the last thing on motorists mind. Because here in the UK, in a couple of days summer will be officially over. For this reason, we should be looking forward to autumn and winter.Of course, many drivers do not like winter. However some drivers do like winter, This includes me.

I must admit, that the autumn and winter period, can be a busy time for my business. Accordingly, we sort of pray for cold weather to start early. Of course, we sell tyres and batteries. Cold weather brings us sales, and we all watch out for the first snowfall.

It is a good time of year to think about the safety of your family. You could do this by checking your tyres at regular intervals, and as winter approaches. Unpredictable weather and increased traffic volumes make the winter driving highly dangerous period on our Uk roads. Although the weather has been fairly dry and sunny. Naturally, it will not be far off more rainy weather. This brings standing water, with rapidly changing weather conditions.

  Winter Tyre Safety Check

High speeds, driver fatigue and frantic traffic on those winter days, can make winter driving a dangerous proposition. This is also a time of year, when the days are much shorter and darker. Remember, your tyres are what is in contact with the road. They connect driver and destination. A simple tyre safety check can dramatically reduce risks, save drivers money and potentially be the difference between a pleasant journey and a dangerous accident.

Checking your tyres takes just five minutes, and can be done at home or while filling up at the petrol station before heading away.

Follow these easy steps.

1. Check tread wear making sure to turn the steering wheel to view the inside edge and check the tread wear indicator.

2. Do a visual inspection of each tyre for damage to the sidewall or tread. Look for bulges or punctures.

3. Check inflation pressure of each tyre – including the spare – matches figures in the service manual.

2001 BMW 325 Lower control arm

2001 BMW 325 Lower control arm- bushing replacement and replacement Suspension arm

2001 BMW 325 Lower control arm

In this video, I am replacing the lower control arm bushings on a 2001 BMW 325i. The owner complained of a clunking sound coming from the front end while driving over rough pavement and when applying the brakes.

BMW 325 Suspension Arm-2001 Convertible with a rear wheel listing badly

Are suspension problems fairly common these days? The main culprit is “potholes” in the road. Cars can’t avoid them, especially in the dark. The BMW 325i was no exception.

The car was 2001 silver convertible. The guy had noticed one of the rear wheels protruding more at the top, than the bottom. The most common suspension fault on these models, is the inner bushings become soft and worn out. This allows the whole arm to move about.

The car can become unstable. The bushes problem is also responsible for camber problems and vibrations from the rear. Instability at the rear is the main dysfunction. Causing the car to feel unstable, due to the suspension arm moving.

2001 BMW 325 Lower control arm

Another problem can be, the tabs on the outer ends of the rear suspension arm are worn away. Consequently, the camber adjuster (on the outer bushing) will not be secure. This problem is because the “through bolt” bolt for the outer camber bushing not being fully tightened. Both these fault symptoms give the same

2001 BMW 325 Lower control arm

Damaged BMW suspension arm

instability and balancing results when the BMW 325i is driven.

The repair of these problems is fairly easy to carry. The old bushes can be removed and replaced with new ones.

The BMW 325 Suspension Arm problem on this car ended up slightly different. The BMW had hit a large hole in the road. Subsequently, the car bottomed out. Damage caused to the BMW 325 Suspension Arm, was unrepairable.

The customer was informed about the repair costs. After permission from the driver, Dale one of my mechanics proceeded with the work. Another shock came from Dale after the wheels wee removed. The BMW also needed a full set of rear discs and pads.

The work to the BMW finished on time, and the customer went home happy, but a little lighter in the wallet.

Driverless cars-UK gives thumbs-up to — but first come the driverless pods

Driverless cars

driverless cars

An experimental Google Self-Driving Car

In effect, the UK will be  opening up its roads to driverless cars. So, with the government announcing this week that it wants to take a “light touch, non-regulatory approach” to trials of autonomous vehicles. The…

Truly, I must be getting really old ? for one thing, i just cant see these things taking off here in the UK. That is to say, without any special lanes for them. Separating them from the regular cars. driverless cars ? what next.

 

Driverless cars-If only we could have seen into the future?

Indeed, I suppose if I sit back and look at this more deeply.Then it probably does not mean what it sounds like. As a UK resident living in the North of England, I often travel to London on the odd occasion with my wife Michelle. I do try to take a break from writing about tyres and the Auto industry. So, to see what the rest of the country are up to.

Here in the North we are always moaning about the fact that we are left behind. Especially, when it comes to infrastructure development, (new roads and rail projects) in particular. That is to say, as just an example we probably have the worst railway system in the country. To emphasise, in my opinion most of the allocated money is spent in the South. Especially in the London area.

Whichever political party is in power, then it is the same old thing and nothing happens. One or two exceptions spring to mind, such as the Sheffield tram system. Although I am certain that this was built out of guilt. Because of the decimation of the giant steel industry that the great city once had. In other words, and has now whittled down to nothing. I am sure that the same thing can be repeated in many other countries across the globe. Perhaps you could let me know?

Our last trip to London was in December 2014, just before Christmas. At the same time as a birthday treat to my wife. Once again the experience never fails to amaze me at the amount of money that is being spent on the transport system.  Compared to our virtual “nothing”. Although I love my country the indifference is there for all to see and in my mind immoral. Subsequently, we pay our taxes in the North, just the same as Londoners, so why should we not have the same travel facilities?

This takes me on to the subject of “driverless cars”, here in the UK.

To be truthful, driverless cars in my opinion are just a fantasy and will never really take off. Our northern towns and cities are too small crowded and frankly would need rebuilding if the driverless cars were ever to take off.

It took forty years to convert the closed down railway network into cycle paths and places where people can walk. In  the area where I live we have a twenty mile circuit called the “Kirk-lees way”, this was to be where we all could walk, run and cycle without any traffic problems affecting our pleasure, but this has now become grown over and covered in mud and horse poo, and is no pleasure to walk on any more.

This is when things started to click?

What if we converted these old railway cycle paths into roads for the driverless cars? When I saw the example diving around the southern town of Milton Keynes, (where billions of pounds have been invested), they were driving on the cycle and walking/jogging path network that goes for miles around and  through the city.

I thought that that looked a good idea, if we had to have these driverless cars thrust upon us, then we could give them their own little road network and it would keep them away from the sensible drivers who just want to get on with their lives, it is bad enough trying to dodge an 82 year old lady, who flies around our local supermarket, in her mobility scooter almost hitting all the other customers, without having to worry about what the driverless car coming towards us will do next, and if they do hit you, who will give you the insurance details.

driverless cars

Driverless pods like these could soon be seen in Milton Keynes and Yorkshire could be getting half decent trains?

re-generated to make way the driverless pods?

Also to finish with as a garage owner I wonder which garage the Nissan Driverless Car or the Volvo Driverless Cars will drive into, probably not my garage.

Pellon Tyre and Auto-centre offer car and van servicing and repairs to all makes of vehicles.

Eric Roberts

 

Fuel injectors/Piston rings

BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell vehicles will begin testing in the near future

BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

 

BMW will begin testing hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the near future. The new generation of  hydrogen vehicles are currently under development

So, this is good news for the regular garage owner?

I believe that we will be able to repair these hydrogen fuel cell vehicles . Especiallyin the after market. But the car manufacturers will keep a tight lid on the battery driven EV’s. Probably, we will only get the scraps.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology battles it out with battery power

Believe it or not the Hydrogen Fuel cell (HFC) technology is nothing new. The method of converting pure hydrogen and oxygen into water and electricity is a blast from the past. Consequently, going back as far as  the 1930’s (even older than me).

So, this kind of technology was also effectively used on the Space Shuttle Programme. Of course,  by NASA until it was all taken apart the other year. Generally speaking, so the older type of fuel cell equipment. For the most part, that produced enough power to propel a vehicle. Subsequently, was very large and would just about fit into a large van. Therefore, something smaller had to be designed for practicality purposes.

Given these point, a smaller type of fuel cell had to be designed. Soon, it became clear that Toyota Motor Company were in the lead in the design of this technology. Toyota plan to have a smaller more powerful and efficient fuel cell in use in one of the cars in the near future.

Consequently, all the car manufacturers are looking at developing greener vehicles. All things considered, it now looks likely that BMW the giant German car maker. So, are looking at HFC  technology to power their vehicles in the future. In fact it is thought that they come into some sort of research and development agreement with Toyota. Hoping that the two car giants. Can come out tops with the HFC engines fitted into their cars.

BMW forge ahead with Hydrogen cell technology with the Hydrogen 7 car

The battle between the different engine concepts is hotting up between the Hydrogen cells and the Lithium-Ion battery driven vehicles. BMW have brought out their Hydrogen 7 production car, with a hundred of them out on test. I understand that they have done this by turning a regular gasoline burning car into a Hydrogen burning car and the results are positive so far, the car retains all the comfort and exclusivity that you would expect from a BMW luxury car.

Audi have also bought into the fuel cell scenario, by purchasing patents of hydrogen fuel cell technology from a company called Ballard Power Systems

hydrogen fuel cell

How a Hydrogen cell car works

One more thing is missing from the stage: hydrogen filling pumps. Once such a network would be deployed, batteries would suddenly become the dirtier and more inefficient option, since using hydrogen only produces water, does not deplete Earth’s lithium reserves and does not pollute the environment in any way. They will also share the patents with the rest of the VW group, showing their intent and interest in the hydrogen fuel cell format for greener cars of the future.

We all know that there is no love lost between supporters of battery-electric cars and hydrogen fuel cell cars.

But what is a realistic way to compare the two? One of the big advantages at the moment is that Hydrogen cell vehicles can travel five times longer. Than the EV battery electric cars on a single tank. Taking just a few minutes to fill the tank with hydrogen. Naturally, this can be compared with the 8 hours or so it takes to recharge a battery.

On the down side we do not yet have a good enough network of  filling stations. Although now in 2018 the number is increasing. Germany have started to install them. Including, some of the big UK supermarkets that are considering adding hydrogen to their extensive petrol station outlets. Of course, this could also be the case in the USA. Especially the California area. So, where they are very aggressive about greener pollutant free cars.

Time will only tell but although I am not an expert. I am very interested in what is happening. Because, it may well be hotting up with the demise of the diesel engine. Having  had bad reports about polluting engines. In fact the authorities in Paris are going to ban the older diesel cars from entering the city in the near future. Unfortunately, after the experts were preaching how safe diesel cars were. The so called experts have now done an about turn . Contradicting the past benefits of owning a diesel engined car.

Hyundai also developing hydrogen cell cars

The Hyundai company have developed the “Tucson Fuel Cell” car which  looks just like a typical small SUV, but the difference is that it is’ powered by hydrogen. These  vehicles use a Hydrogen fuel cell instead of  battery technology. The fuel cell is replenished with hydrogen mixed with oxygen, and the result is a supply of electricity to power the car. Water is the only emission, that is emitted from the car, a great success.

Honda will also bring out their own Hydrogen cell version which is known as the FCX Clarity Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle .

Source: www.bmwblog.comVan Wheel Alignment Including Suspension

Eric Roberts

 

Pellon Tyre and Auto-centre offer car and van servicing and repairs to all makes of vehicles.